Resources for Safe Work Culture

Training ResourcesReporting MisconductOrganizational Bylaws and PoliciesReferences

The SAA Task Force on Sexual and Anti-Harassment Policies and Procedures reviewed and made recommendations on SAA’s existing policies on sexual harassment. In 2019, as part of their report to the SAA Board of Directors, the task force included a list of resources and references for building a safe and inclusive work culture. The resources and references below stem from that list.

Training Resources

SAA Background and Resource Guide for Addressing Harassment and Violence [PDF 96 KB]
A guide developed by a 2016 SAA task force and a policy statement based on the Executive Committee of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists Statement on Sexual Harassment and Assault.

The Context and Consequence of Sexual Harassment in Archaeology
2019 SAA online seminar instructed by Maureen Meyers on the results of the 2014 Southeastern Archaeological Conference (SEAC) Sexual Harassment Survey. It discusses the consequences of harassment and assault on the field of archaeology in general.

Advocates and Allies
Initiative developed from North Dakota State University faculty and administrators encouraging gender equity.

National Sexual Violence Resource Center
A non-profit organization that provides research-based tools for preventing and responding to sexual violence.

SAFE Institute
Program to train employees in creating safe and inclusive work environments.

UCSF On-Demand Training
Specialized trainings for recognizing discrimination and supporting survivors from the Office of Diversity and Outreach at the University of California, San Francisco.

“It’s on Us”
Initiative founded in 2014 based on recommendations from the White House Task Force to Prevent Sexual Assault. The website provides tools such as Bystander Intervention Tips [PDF 23 KB].

Step Up! Bystander Intervention Program
A collection of resources and trainings developed from the University of Arizona C.A.T.S. Life Skills Program, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and national leading experts. Situational topics for bystander intervention include discrimination and sexual assault.

Safe Zone Project
Online resources for LGBTQ and ally education, including intersectionality activities.

IGLYO Intersectionality Toolkit [PDF 3.4 MB]
Guide developed by the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer & Intersex (LGBTQI) Youth and Student Organisation.


Reporting Misconduct

Register of Professional Archaeologists
The Grievance Process of the RPA
Register of Professional Archaeologists: Code of Conduct

U.S. Department of Education, Office of Civil Rights
Know Your Rights: Title IX Prohibits Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence Where You Go To School

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Harassment and Employer Liability for Harassment
Facts about Sexual Harassment


Organizational Bylaws and Policies

American Anthropological Association
Bylaws of the American Anthropological Association (last amended June 1, 2015)

Archaeological Institute of America
Updated Code of Conduct Adopted by the Register of Archaeologists (April 11, 2018)
Code of Professional Standards (May 11, 2015)

Anthropological Genomics Laboratory
PSU SAFE (Goals and Expectations for Field Experiences and Field Reference Guide)

Executive Committee of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists
Executive Committee of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists Statement on Sexual Harassment and Assault (November 2015) [PDF 159 KB]

Institute for Field Research
Health and Safety
Sexual Harassment Policy [PDF 195 KB]

Midwest Archaeological Conference
Bylaws and Policies

Society for American Archaeology
Principles of Archaeological Ethics

SAA Statement on Sexual Harassment and Violence

SAA Meeting Safety Policy

Society for Historical Archaeology
SHA Sexual Harassment and Discrimination Policy

Southeastern Archaeological Conference
SEAC Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws
(last amended October 22, 2014)



Alpert Nakhai, Beth
2015     Survey on Field Safety: Middle East, North Africa, and Mediterranean Basin

American Association for the Advancement of Science
2019     Academic conferences lack tools to prevent sexual misconduct, discrimination
2015     Response to Jackie Speier [PDF 47 KB]

2016     The Secret Life on an Archaeologist: Soil in Your Sandwich and Sexism on Sites. The Guardian, April 25, 2016.

Baires, Sarah E. and Edward R. Henry
2015     Gender Roles and Archaeologists in the Southeast: Working Toward Equality [PDF 2.8 MB]. Horizon & Tradition: The Newsletter of the Southeastern Archaeological Conference 57(1):14-18.

Balter, Michael
2016     Online petition aims to unite researchers against sexual harassment. Science Magazine, February 11, 2016.
2016     The sexual misconduct case that has rocked anthropology. Science Magazine, February 9, 2016.

Bardolph, Dana N.
2014     A Critical Evaluation of Recent Gendered Publishing Trends in American Archaeology. American Antiquity 79:522–540.

Bardolph, Dana N. and Amber M. VanDerwarker
2016     Sociopolitics in Southeastern Archaeology: The Role of Gender in Scholarly Authorship. Southeastern Archaeology 35(3):175–193.

Beaudry, Mary C. and Jacquelyn White
1994     Cowgirls with the Blues? A Study of Women’s Publication and Citation of Women’s Work in Historical Archaeology. In Women in Archaeology, edited by Cheryl Classen, pp.138–158. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia.

Belknap, Joanne
2010     Rape: Too Hard to Report and Too Easy to Discredit Victims. Violence Against Women 16(12):1335–1344.

Chiodo, Maya
2019     Watching the Detectives: A Look at Academic Equity. Santa Barbara Independent, May 18, 2019.

Clancy, Kathryn B. H., Robin G. Nelson, Julienne N. Rutherford, and Katie Hinde
2014     Survey of Academic Field Experiences (SAFE): Trainees Report Harassment and Assault. PLOS One 9(7):e102172.

Clancy, Kathryn B.H., Katharine M. N. Lee, Erica M. Rodgers, and Christina Richey
2017     Double jeopardy in astronomy and planetary science: women of color face greater risks of gendered and racial harassment. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 122(7):1610-1623.

Colwell-Chanthaphonh, Chip, Julie Hollowell, and Dru McGill
2008     Ethics in Action: Case Studies in Archaeological Dilemmas. The Society for American Archaeology, Washington, D.C.

Dick, Kirby
2015     The Hunting Ground

Dorfman, Peter W., Anthony T. Cobb, and Roxanne Cox
2000     Investigations of Sexual Harassment Allegations: Legal means fair–or does it? Human Resources Management 39(1):33–49.

Flaherty, Colleen
2014     What Happens in the Field. Inside Higher Ed, August 13, 2014.

Fox, Alicia J., Rebecca S. Barak, Taran M. Lichtenberger, Lea K. Richardson, Aireale J. Rodgers, and Evelyn Webb Williams
2019     Evaluating the Prevalence and Quality of Conference Codes of Conduct. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116(30):14930–14936.

Fulkerson, Tiffany J. and Shannon Tushingham
2019     Who Dominates the Discourses of the Past? Gender, Occupational Affiliation, and Multivocality in North American Archaeology Publishing. American Antiquity 84:379–399.

Gero, Joan M.
1994     Excavation Bias and the Woman-at-Home Ideology. In Equity Issues for Women in Archaeology, edited by Margaret C. Nelson, Sarah M. Nelson, and Alison Wylie. Archeological papers of the American Anthropological Association, Washington, D.C.

Goldstein, Lynne, Barbara J. Mills, Sarah Herr, Jo Ellen Burkholder, Leslie Aiello, and Christopher Thornton
2018     Why Do Fewer Women than Men Apply for Grants After their PhDs? American Antiquity 83:1–20.

Greer, Edward
2000     The Truth behind Legal Dominance Feminisms’s Two Percent False Rape Claim Figure. Loyola Law Review 33:947–972.

Hardesty, Donald L.
2003     Safety and the Ethics of Archaeological Fieldwork. In Ethical Issues in Archaeology, edited by Larry J. Zimmerman, Karen D. Vitelli, and Julia J. Hollowell. Society for American Archaeology, Walnut Creek, California.

Heath-Stout, Laura E.
2019     Diversity, Identity, and Oppression in the Production of Archaeological Knowledge. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts.

Hodgetts, Lisa, Kisha Supernant, Natasha Lyons, and John R. Welch
2019     #MeToo and More. Paper presented at the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Archaeological Association, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.

Holmes, Mary Anne
2016     Getting Sexual Harassment out of the Field. On the Job, December 1, 2016

Jalbert, Catherine L.
2019     Archaeology in Canada: An Analysis of Demographics and Working Conditions in the Discipline. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

Joyce, Kathryn
2016     Out Here, No One Can Hear You Scream: The Dangerous Culture of Male Entitlement and Sexual Hostility Hiding within America’s National Parks and Forests. Huffington Post.

Krakauer, Jon
2015     Missoula: Rape and the Justice System in a College Town. Doubleday, New York.

Kristof, Nicholas
2019     It’s Takes 5 Decades to Get the PhD Her Abusive Professor Denied Her. The New York Times, May 25, 2019.

Lisak, David, Lori Gardiner, Sarah C. Nicksa, and Ashley M. Cote
2010     False Allegations of Sexual Assault: An Analysis of Ten Years of Reported Cases. Violence Against Women 16(12):1308–1334.

Logan, Jim
2017     Digging into Gender Equity. The UC Santa Barbara Current, March 8, 2017.

Lynott, Mark J.
1997     Ethical Principles and Archaeological Practice: Development of an Ethics Policy. American Antiquity 62(4):589–599.

Meyers, Maureen S., Elizabeth T. Horton, Edmond A. Boudreau, Stephen B. Carmody, Alice P. Wright, and Victoria G. Deckle
2018     The Context and Consequences of Sexual Harassment in Southeastern Archaeology. Advances in Archaeological Practice 6(4):275-287.

Meyers, Maureen, Tony Boudreaux, Stephen Carmody, Victoria Dekle, Elizabeth Horton and Alice Wright
2015     Preliminary Results of the SEAC Sexual Harassment Survey. [PDF 2.8 MB]. Horizon & Tradition: The Newsletter of the Southeastern Archaeological Conference 57(1):19-35.

Milkman, Katharine L., Modupe Akinola, and Dolly Chugh
2015     What Happens Before? A Field Experiment Exploring How Pay and Representation Differentially Shape Bias on the Pathway into Organizations. Journal of Applied Psychology 100:1678–1712.

Muckle, Robert J.
2014     On Sexual Harassment and Abuse in Archaeology. The SAA Archaeological Record 14(5):32-33.
2013     A Can of Worms Worth Opening: Sexual Harassment and Abuse in the Field. Anthropology News 54(7).

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
2018     Sexual Harassment of Women: Climate, Culture, and Consequences in Academic Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, edited by Paula A. Johnson, Sheila E. Widnall, and Frazier F. Benya.

Nelson, Robin G., Julienne N. Rutherford, Katie Hinde, and Kathryn B. H. Clancy
2017     Signaling Safety: Characterizing Fieldwork Experiences and Their Implications for Career Trajectories. American Anthropologist 119:710–722.

Otwell, Rachel and Alex Mierjeski
2019     At the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Preserving the Reputations of Sexual Harassers. Illinois Public Media, August 27, 2019.

Radde, Hugh D.
2018     Sexual harassment among California archaeologists: results of the gender equity and sexual harassment survey. California Archaeology 10(2):230-255.

Rizvi, Uzma Z.
2008     Looking Forward, Looking Back: A Special Issue of The SAA Archaeological Record from the Committee on the Status of Women in Archaeology (COSWA). The SAA Archaeological Record 8(4):6–7.

Shen, Helen
2015     Scientific groups revisit sexual harassment policies: Officials worry the underreporting remains a problem. Nature, November 16, 2015.

Speier, Jackie
2016     H.R.6161 – Federal Funding Accountability for Sexual Harassers Act
2016     Introduction of the Federal Funding Accountability for Sexual Harassers Act
2016     Congresswoman Jackie Speier Introduces Bill to Stop Rampant Sexual Abuse, Harassment in STEM Research
2015     After a Year of Disgraceful Sexism in Science, Congresswoman Speier Calls on the American Association for the Advancement of Science to Lead

Tushingham, Shannon, Tiffany Fulkerson, and Katheryn Hill
2017     The Peer Review Gap: A Longitudinal Case Study of Gendered Publishing and Occupational Patterns in a Female-Rich Discipline, Western North America (1974–2016). PLOS One 12(11):e0188403.

VanDerwarker, Amber M., Kaitlin M. Brown, Toni Gonzalez, and Hugh Radde
2018     The UCSB gender equity project: taking stock of mentorship, equity, and harassment in California archaeology through qualitative survey data. California Archaeology 10(2):130-158.

Wood, Bernard
2015     Zero Tolerance. Period. Science 350(6260):487

Wright, Rita P.
2008     Sexual Harassment and Professional Ethics. The SAA Archaeological Record 8(4):27–30.