Resources for Educators
State by State…

Archaeology Lesson Plans --  Maryland

Lesson Plans Contributed by Maryland K-12 Educators
Lesson Plans Incorporating Maryland Archaeological Evidence

Share your favorite archaeology lessons with us and others


Lesson Plans by Maryland K-12 Educators

Integrating Archaeology into American History and Culture Studies, K-12
This archive contains Maryland-based lesson developed by teachers participating in a National Endowment for the Humanities summer institute.

Center for Archaeology in the Baltimore County Public Schools
These lesson plans were developed by Teacher and Social Studies Curriculum Specialist, George Brauer, of the Center for Archaeology, Baltimore County Public Schools 

  • What’s in the Soil
    (Teacher background, Directions, Resource Sheets, Assessment)
    Students will graphically display information, organize, classify, and sequence information, and understand the importance of identifying soil levels during archaeological excavations.
  • Written Clues About the Past: Rick’s Backyard Site
    Grade 3
    (Teacher Directions, Student Reading,  Resource Sheets, Teacher Response Sheet)
    Students read a diary from 1845 to identify artifacts and ecofacts that an archaeologist might find while excavating in Ricks backyard archaeological site.
  • Torralba Site Activity 
    Middle School (World Cultures)
    (Student Reading, Activity Sheets, Maps, Assessment)
    This activity teaches about human hunting activities more than 300,000 years ago during the Pleistocene Era . It uses maps and artifacts related to a hunting camp in Torralba, Spain. Students gather and organize data and interpret maps to learn about this way of life long ago. Provided courtesy of George Brauer, Baltimore County Public Schools.
  • Archaeology in the News
    High School
    (Resource Sheet)
    Using contemporary news stories, students will gather information, practice istinguishing between fact and opinion, and use a map to locate archaeological sites. Provided courtesy of George Brauer, Baltimore County Public Schools.
  • Interpreting an Archaeological Site
    (Activity Directions, Resource Questions, Teacher Answer Sheet)
    Using a simulated soil profile, the student will apply the skills of the archaeologist to reconstruct a number of events that took place at an archaeology site. Students will pose a series of research questions to be answered during and after the excavation. 
  • Gridding an Archaeological Site
    (Background Information, Activity Directions, Assessment, Student Activity Sheets)
    Using a map and the Cartesian coordinate system, students will establish a grid system over an archaeological site, determine the location of artifacts within each grid unit, and construct an hypothesis concerning the distribution of artifacts in the grid to explain the activities that once took place at the site.
  • An Exercise in Seriation Dating 
    (Background Information, Student Activity Directions, Student Activity Sheet, Teacher Response Sheet)
    Students develop a chronology of occupation for seven Maryland sites by charting changes in historical ceramic decoration overtime.
  • Site Formation in Archaeology
    (Teacher Directions, Student Directions, Discussion Questions, Activity Sheet, Teacher Response Sheet)
    This exercise illustrates the process of site formation using a Hopi Indian pit house site (a structure constructed partially underground). This example demonstrates how the sequence of events at a site can be reconstructed using archaeological remains.
  • To Dig or Not to Dig: The Stadium Showdown 
    Background Information, Activity Directions, Activity Resource Materials)
    This simulation encourages students to examine an ethical public dilemma. Through the use of role play, students examine their personal beliefs and feelings concerning the protection of cultural resources, and evaluate possible actions they might take regarding the protection of those cultural resources. Students will analyze conflicting points-of-view using a discussion format, participate in a group centered decision-making activity focusing on a public issue, articulate personal decisions about issues affecting the individual and community, and explore personal values concerning the preservation of historical resources. Provided courtesy of George Brauer, Baltimore County Public Schools.

Lesson Plans Incorporating Maryland Archaeological Evidence

 Eastern Woodland Indian Cultures of MD (Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum)
Sixteen  lesson  plans  designed to meet Maryland’s voluntary state curriculum for  4th grade. The lessons are designed to accompany a traveling trunk that can be loaned or purchased from the Education Program at Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum.



Updated 11/15/07