Northwest United States


Ozette (Cape Alva, Olympic Peninsula, Washington

Ozette was a whaling village occupied from about 400 BC until the early 1900s. Around AD 1750, a large portion of the village was suddenly buried under a mud slide, preserving six wooden plank houses and much of their contents. The Makah tribe collaborated with archaeologists from Washington State University over an 11- year- period to excavate the village, yielding more than 50,000 artifacts. It was one of the first collaborative public archaeology projects in the U.S., recognizing the value of combining Native American traditional knowledge and archaeology. The Makah Museum in Neah Bay houses and interprets the artifacts from the excavation and tells the story of village life from the Makah perspective. People of the Whale is a short video that documents some of the first excavations at Ozette.

Marmes Rock Shelter (southeastern Washington)

Marmes rock shelter is a cave that was used  regularly by native peoples for approximately 10,000 years. Archaeologists excavating the site in 1965 found what were at that time the oldest human remains ever found in North America-scientifically dated to be between 9,000 and 11,000 years old. Archaeologists also found weapons, artifacts and animal bones that helped demonstrate the earlier climate has been much cooler. This important archaeological site was flooded by the construction of a dam and is now under 40 feet of water.

Fort Vancouver (Washington, Oregon) The Vancouver National Historic Reserve is one of the premier historical archaeological sites in the Pacific Northwest. Over fifty years of excavations have uncovered more than 2 million artifacts spanning the Native American, Hudson's Bay Company, and U.S. Army occupations of the site. An ongoing public archaeology program is held each year.

Kennewick Man (Kennewick, Washington)

In 1996 a well- preserved human skeleton was found on federal land along the banks of the Columbia River in eastern Washington. Known as "Kennewick Man", this set of human remains has been dated to approximately 9,000 years ago, making them one of the oldest and most complete sets of human remains found in North America. Several of the Indian tribes on the Columbia Plateau consider "the Ancient One" to be an ancestor and want the remains reburied. A group of scientists sued the federal government and won the right to examine the remains. Some scientists believe that Kennewick Man is physically different from other American Indians and is closer to the people of Southeast Asia, specifically the Polynesians and the Ainu of Japan. The National Park Service website on Kennewick Man is another good source of inforamion on this important discovery

The Fifth Street Cemetery Necrogeographical Study
(Lewiston, Idaho)
This project uses The 5th Street Cemetery Necrogeographical Study is a GIS-based project that marries current GIS, GPS and surveying technologies with traditional historical research and fieldwork. The purpose of the project was initially to introduce selected junior high school students to the use of global positioning system (GPS) and geographic information systems (GIS) management to plot and analyze patterns at the Normal Hill site.

Historical Archaeology at Centerville: Uncovering a Chinese Legacy
(Centerville, Idaho)

1804 Battle of Sitka: Tlingit/Russian Colonists (Alaska)
This National Park Service web site provides a research report on archaeological studies done in Sitka National Historical Park that discovered the location of the Tlingit fort built to prepare for battle with the Russian colonists.


Updated 11/7/2012