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Society for American Archaeology
63rd Annual Business Meeting

Table of Contents

Minutes of the Meeting

President Vincas Steponaitis called the Society for American Archaeology's 63rd Annual Business Meeting to order at 5:07 on March 27, 1998, in Seattle, Wash. The president established that a quorum was present and requested a motion to approve the minutes of the 62nd Annual Business Meeting held in Nashville on April 4, 1997 [these minutes were published in the SAA Bulletin 1997, 15(3):22]. It was so moved, seconded, and the minutes were approved.

President Steponaitis then delivered his report. He noted that with more than 3,200 registrants, this is the largest annual meeting in the history of the society. After discussing improvements in the organizational structure and the financial situation of the society, he reported on the revitalization of the society's fund-raising program. He then highlighted important accomplishments in the organization's four key program areas: publications, meetings, public education, and government affairs. Finally, he noted the importance of the newly established Register of Professional Archaeologists (ROPA) and encouraged all SAA members to apply for registration.

Treasurer Robert Bettinger reported that the society is financially sound, that our fiscal situation has substantially improved, and that we have begun to rebuild our much depleted reserves. He noted the importance of financial security to carrying out our programs and encouraged us to remember that in a membership-driven organization like SAA revenues can be highly variable and urged us to continue a fiscally cautious budgeting strategy.

Secretary Lynne Sebastian delivered a report announcing the results of the two elections held by the society since the previous business meeting. The results were that all 15 bylaws changes were approved by the membership as was the establishment of ROPA. The following officers were elected: Keith Kintigh, president-elect; Barbara Little, secretary-elect; Rebecca Hawkins and Sarah Neusius, members of the Board of Directors; and Leslie Eisenberg and Suzanne Fish, members of the Nominating Committee.

Executive Director Tobi Brimsek reported on staff changes in the past year and noted fiscal and organizational efforts to keep the society programs well-ordered and growing and its finances on a sound footing. She also highlighted some especially outstanding staff achievements this year, all of them directed at improving member services and forwarding the goals and programs of the SAA.

SAA Bulletin editor Mark Aldenderfer acknowledged the contributions of the Bulletin's associate editors and noted that in the next issue of the Bulletin he has written an analysis of the Bulletin's progress and suggestions for future directions.

American Antiquity editor Lynne Goldstein reported that responses to authors, publication of accepted papers, and printing and distribution of the journal are all carried out in a timely manner. She also noted progress in her efforts to diversify and enlarge the pool of reviewers and to increase the variety of articles published.

Latin American Antiquity editors Gary Feinman and Linda Manzanilla reported that the journal is now on a timely publication schedule and offered their thanks to the reviewers and the editorial board, who have contributed so substantially to the quality of the journal. They also noted that the SAA Publications Committee is actively seeking candidates to be the next editors of Latin American Antiquity and encouraged interested individuals to contact the committee.

Bill Lipe, the society's delegate to the ROPA Board, reported that the articles of incorporation for ROPA have been signed, described the progress of the transition from SOPA to ROPA, and noted that the application process is being reviewed. Lipe explained that the purposes of ROPA are to establish a minimum set of standards for professional competence and to encourage adherence to a shared set of ethical and performance standards. Lipe closed by encouraging all members to become registered.

After these reports, the president welcomed the new officers, board members, and Nominating Committee members and thanked the other candidates. He also expressed the society's appreciation to the members of the 1997 Nominating Committee chaired by Bruce Smith.

He also thanked the Annual Meeting Program Committee chaired by Jon Driver and Local Advisory Committee Cochairs Julie Stein and Sarah Campbell and workshop coordinators Flip Arnold and Shannon Fie for all their efforts in making the Seattle meeting such a success.

He then offered a special word of thanks to chairs and members of more than 40 active committees who carry out so much of SAA's mission. More than 300 SAA members served on committees and task forces during the past year.

The president expressed the society's great appreciation to Bob Bettinger, the outgoing treasurer and to Peggy Nelson and George Smith, who complete their terms on the Board of Directors at this meeting. And finally, he commended Executive Director Tobi Brimsek and the staff of the executive office for their hard work, skill, and dedication to the society.

President Steponaitis recognized the outstanding achievements of members by presenting awards. Ceremonial Resolutions were then offered by Jon Muller, chair of the Ceremonial Resolutions Committee.

After noting overall bright prospects for the society's future, President Steponaitis called for a motion for adjournment, and the 63rd Annual Business Meeting was adjourned.

Lynne Sebastian

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Report of the President

Welcome to the largest Annual Meeting that SAA has ever had! Being a southeastern specialist, I had once bet that no venue would ever beat New Orleans, but Seattle has proved me wrong. There are more than 1,800 presentations on the program, and as of today we have 3,211 registrants, a good bit more than the record we set two years ago in the French Quarter. I am also pleased to report that this meeting is the culmination of what has been generally a good year for SAA. In the past 12 months, our financial position has greatly improved, our core programs have remained strong, and a number of initiatives have borne fruit. Today I'll simply mention a few of the highlights.

As most of you know, the early 1990s were a time of tremendous change within SAA. We grew by leaps and bounds, established our first independent headquarters, hired a staff, and added committees and initiatives at an astonishing pace. It is no wonder, then, that at our 1996 Business Meeting in New Orleans, then-President Lipe reported that SAA was about to enter a period of consolidation. Today, two years later, we are still in that period of consolidation. We have made tremendous strides in shoring up the financial and administrative framework that was so stressed by our rapid growth. We've instituted new budget procedures, established new fiscal controls, changed auditors, renegotiated contracts, refined and streamlined our committee structure, and taken steps to better preserve our institutional memory. One result of this consolidation is that our financial position has turned around dramatically: as you'll hear in the Treasurer's Report, three successive deficits were superseded in 1997 by a healthy surplus. I can assure you that the present board is committed to making sure that we continue to run in the black, so that we can rebuild the reserves that are so essential to the Society's future heath.

Another new development has been the revitalization of our fund-raising program. A decade ago, SAA began to build the Foundation for American Archaeology, which was envisioned as a quasi-independent corporation that would raise funds to support public outreach in archaeology. While SAA had some modest success in finding seed monies for this venture, despite everyone's best efforts the foundation never really got off the ground. Hence, last April the foundation was dissolved, and most of its assets were placed in SAA's endowment for public education. To replace the foundation, SAA has established a new Fund-Raising Committee, cochaired by Ray Thompson and Patty Jo Watson, which will oversee all development activities, essentially taking up where the foundation left off. In the near term, three areas of fund development will be emphasized: (1) building SAA's endowment, (2) enhancing public education, and (3) increasing the Native American Scholarship Fund. Development efforts in all these areas are already under way. For example, a silent auction is being held at this meeting to benefit the Native American Scholarship Fund, and a new planned-giving program to build our endowment will soon be announced. I strongly urge you, our members, to support these fund-raising efforts, not only by giving, but also by bringing ideas and opportunities to the Fund-Raising Committee's attention.

Turning now to other matters, I can report that all of SAA's major programs are doing well:

  • Thanks to the fine efforts of our editors, our two journals and the Bulletin continue to run on time and to maintain their high quality.

  • This annual meeting, as I said before, is the largest ever, with a stimulating and diverse program.

  • Our Public Education Committee has continued to find new and better ways of bringing an awareness of archaeology to the world at large. Highlights of this year's activities included an archaeology workshop for Native American educators held at Haskell Indian University (organized by a committee headed by Jon Czaplicki) and a workshop on "Teaching Archaeology in the 21st Century" (organized by Susan Bender and George Smith) designed to find ways of bringing more public archaeology into university curricula.

  • And our government affairs program continues to do an excellent job of monitoring developments, making key contacts, and articulating our positions to the federal government. Although we've dealt with many different issues, our public-policy agenda over the past year has been dominated by matters connected with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA). Specifically, we have lobbied on various amendments to this law that are now before Congress. There's no time here to go into the details of these amendments, but I strongly urge you to become informed and to get involved. One way to do this is by attending the NAGPRA Forum that will be held immediately after this business meeting, where Bill Lovis and the Repatriation Committee will bring us up to date on recent developments. Another good place to find information is in the SAA Bulletin and on SAA's web site ( It is very important that you learn about these bills, tell SAA's leadership what you think, and, above all, tell your representatives in Congress what you think. The effectiveness of our government affairs program depends heavily on your "grassroots" participation.

    Finally, let me move to another issue that is crucial to the future of our profession: the establishment of a Register of Professional Archaeologists (ROPA). As you'll recall, two years ago a joint task force formulated a proposal to establish ROPA, which would essentially replace the Society of Professional Archeologists (SOPA) and be jointly sponsored by SAA, Society for Historical Archaeology (SHA), and Archaeological Institute of America (AIA). As of now, the proposal has been formally endorsed by the members of SOPA, SAA, and SHA; we hope that AIA will sign on in due course. But ROPA now has enough support to move forward, and so it has been doing. ROPA is now a reality; SAA's representative on the new ROPA board is our immediate past president, Bill Lipe. He will tell us more about these developments later in this meeting. But for now, let me simply urge everyone here to make sure that they are registered with ROPA. I and most other SAA board members have already done so. I believe strongly that ROPA is essential for maintaining professional standards and public accountability within our discipline, and I ask that everyone--consulting archaeologists, government archaeologists, and especially academic archaeologists--support this effort. All of us will benefit if ROPA succeeds, and the only way it can succeed is with broad participation from you, SAA's members.

    Vin Steponaitis

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    Report of the Treasurer

    I am pleased to report that the Society for American Archaeology is financially sound and in substantially better fiscal position than it was just one year ago when we met in Nashville. I reported then that we had followed a budget deficit of $7,949 for fiscal year 1995, with a second consecutive, and much larger, deficit of $85,229.79 for fiscal year 1996, and that to offset these deficits we had been forced to draw SAA reserves below board-mandated levels. The situation, thus, was far from rosy. To their credit, the SAA Executive Committee, Board of Directors, and, most of all, Executive Director Brimsek responded to this challenge by effecting sweeping changes in our financial and budgeting processes. In addition to substantial belt-tightening, Director Brimsek fundamentally restructured our budget, making it simpler and more manageable. SAA also changed its fiscal year to run with the calendar year (i.e., from January 1 to December 31, rather than from July 1 to June 31), which is better suited to the needs of SAA.

    As a result, our situation has dramatically improved. We ended fiscal year 1997 with a budget surplus (yes, surplus) of $60,744.16. It was critical to the fiscal well-being of the society that this entire amount be used to replenish our reserves, and a motion to that effect was adopted by the Board of Directors in Albuquerque in October 1997. As expected, we subsequently ran a deficit of $7,396.68 for the six-month interval running from July 1, 1997, to December 31, 1997, which had to be counted as a "short fiscal year" in order to realign our fiscal year to start on January 1. The deficit reflected in this short fiscal year is structural in the sense that it mainly reflects periodicity in revenue flow. We are projecting a budget surplus of $41,135 for the current fiscal year 1998. This is less than we projected in Nashville, but more than acceptable given the substantial surplus we realized in fiscal year 1996-1997, when we were hoping just to break even.

    All in all, SAA is back on the road of financial security. We have indeed come a long way in just one year. This is all to the good; SAA needs to be financially secure to undertake new programs consistent with its mission, which always involve a measure of risk. SAA needs to be in a position to act rather than react. It follows that SAA needs to guard with special care its fiscal well-being. Finances do not drive SAA, but they can surely drive it out of business.

    However, do not be deceived by SAA's current fiscal health. SAA is a membership-driven society, and the vast bulk of its revenues flow directly from membership. Revenue reversals, thus, are always a possibility. At the same time, it is clear that SAA cannot continue to act as though it were on the brink of fiscal disaster. That was true a year ago; it is not so true now. We are moving in the right direction, and as we move that way we need to renew programs and initiatives that were cut severely to meet our financial challenges and to think about new ones. Given these realities, a prudent policy will mix the goals of fiscal security with those of existing programs and new initiatives, giving greater weight to the former initially--when risk remains high--and gradually shifting weight to the latter--as risk diminishes. It is imperative in the near term that there be substantial budget surpluses and that these be returned to replenish SAA reserves. The exact mixture in any given year, of course, must (as in NAGPRA) be considered on a case by case basis, but a policy of slow, planned, prudent growth would seem a wise course of action. It goes without saying (almost) that the planning process always needs to include a careful consideration of fiscal impact, as per current SAA board policy.

    Finally, before turning the purse strings over to the capable hands of in-coming SAA Treasurer Jeff Altschul, I want to thank those who have made my job fun and immeasurably easier than it might have been: the SAA membership, Board of Directors, and Executive Committee, especially Secretary Lynne Sebastian, and most especially of all, Vin Steponaitis and Director Brimsek, who deserve the real credit for SAA's current fiscal health. My job was easy. Anytime anyone asked for money, I just said "No."

    Bob Bettinger

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    Report of the Secretary

    During the past year I have, with a great deal of assistance from the executive director and her staff, carried out the usual secretarial duties for the society. These duties include preparing agendas for and taking minutes at meetings of the Board of Directors, taking minutes at this Annual Business Meeting, and overseeing the society's elections. Minutes of the Business Meeting appear in this issue of the SAA Bulletin (pp. 11), as do summaries of the board meeting minutes (pp. 10).

    The society held two elections during the past year. In August 1997 there was a referendum on 15 proposed changes to the bylaws and the establishment of a Register of Professional Archaeologists (ROPA). Of 5,829 ballots mailed, 1,606 valid ballots were returned. All the changes to the bylaws were approved, as was the establishment of ROPA. In January 1998 an election was held for new officers, board members, and members of the Nominating Committee. Total ballots mailed were 6,071; 1,475 valid ballot were returned. The results are as follows:

    President-elect: Keith Kintigh

    Secretary-elect: Barbara Little

    Board of Directors: Rebecca Hawkins and Sarah Neusius

    Nominating Committee: Leslie Eisenberg and Suzanne Fish

    On behalf of the society, I also want to thank the other members who agreed to stand for election: Mark Lynott, David Anderson, Joe Watkins, Paul Minnis, Robert Drennan, T. J. Ferguson, Charles Niquette, Nancy White, Lee Newsome, Daniel Roberts, and Charles Adams.

    It is a society tradition not to publicly state the vote totals, but this information is a matter of record open to any member. I would like to thank Executive Director Tobi Brimsek and her staff for all their assistance with the elections and with my other duties as secretary.

    Lynne Sebastian

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    Report of the Executive Director

    Good evening. In another few weeks I celebrate my second anniversary with SAA. My second year was markedly different from the first. While I can certainly characterize the first year as a difficult one, fraught with changes and transition and significant financial challenges, the second year evokes images of clouds lifting, new possibilities on the horizon, and a crossroads of choice.

    Reflecting on the past year with staff, we collectively feel that we're firmly ensconced in an environment where reality reigns. We have spent time in all of our programs building confidence, stability, and predictability (not to mention revenue, in some)--those things which allow us to approach the next level of challenges and opportunities. One of our trickiest challenges is balancing our need to continue to strengthen our fiscal reserves while moving forward with the board's strategic priorities.

    As a staff we have celebrated many successes in this past year, and we have undergone a number of transitions. From a team perspective we have said goodbye to two of our teammates and have had the opportunity to welcome Larry Hoffer as our manager, membership and marketing, and Rob Thompson as our coordinator, administrative services. There are still nine of us working for and commited to SAA and you. All of us are here in Seattle. If you haven't had the opportunity, please take a moment and meet us. We are always available together at the staff office--that is, at 6 a.m., during our team breakfast.

    As the treasurer has already outlined, we have made a phenomenal leap toward fiscal stability. Understandably, the staff feel most proud of their contributions toward getting our fiscal house in order. We feel as though we have finally cleaned out our basements and attics and can address new and exhilarating challenges and opportunities while we keep those rooms clean. While financial security has been and will continue to be the keystone in our plans, it was one of many focuses of the staff. I'd like to take a moment to share a few of the staff's accomplishments with you.

    Thanks to Larry Hoffer, you are enjoying, here in Seattle, SAA's largest exhibit hall ever and one which has exceeded its budgeted revenue for the first time since 1995. This year, we launched the "get connected" campaign to enable us to communicate efficiently and effectively with you by email. If you haven't given us your email address yet, or if you have a change, stop by the SAA booth, and add it to your record there. Janet Walker, our manager, publications, has been working hard with the editors to maintain the timely production of your publications. Dorothy Krass, our manager, public education, worked with the Native American Education subcommittee of the Public Education Committee to present the first workshop "Archaeology for Native American Educators: Building Curriculum, Building Bridges." Another of her major accomplishments was the "Survey of Departmental Offerings in Public Archaeology and CRM" used for the "Teaching Archaeology in the 21st Century" workshop developed by George Smith and Susan Bender. No list would be complete without the accomplishments of our manager, government affairs, Donald Craib. The year has been marked by increased influence and recognition on Capitol Hill and within federal agencies and the broadening of our network of contacts in the Washington arena. Jim Young, our manager, information services continues to bolster our information processing capabilities, keep us online, and moving forward. This year he premiered the online member directory on a "members only" side of SAAweb. If you haven't tried it yet, we urge you to check it out. SAAweb has only just begun! Then there are all those "behind the scenes" yet incredibly critical accomplishments such as the revamping of the formats for SAA financial statements by our manager, accounting services, Leon Bathini, and the revisiting processing procedures, handling of information requests, and responsiveness to member inquiries by our coordinator, membership services, Rick Peterson, and our coordinator, administrative services, Rob Thompson.

    I hope you see the roles that staff have begun to carve as changemakers. Led by the direction of the board, in partnership with you, our members, we are ready to not only move, but hopefully launch SAA into the 21st century. We are ready, in fact, to move into 1999. The call for submissions for Chicago is now available at the SAA booth and will be mailed next Monday.

    I'd like to close with this thought--an association is its people or members. One of my greatest personal pleasures this past year has been the opportunity to meet, get to know, and work with so many of you. I truly look forward to the year ahead. Thank you.

    Tobi Brimsek

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    Report of the Editor SAA Bulletin

    As a trained observer of the past and thus a scholar sensitive to patterning in all its forms, it is obvious that one important theme of the remarks delivered so far at this meeting is one of acknowledgment. And so, in keeping with this august company, I too would like to acknowledge some of the people that make the SAA Bulletin what it is today. Kevin Pape has been the associate editor of our CRM column Insights and has done a fine job of keeping us current with trends in that rapidly growing field; Kurt Dongoske, associate editor of our Working Together column, has done an outstanding job of finding authors interested in and eager to report on the kinds of relationships--both good and bad--between archaeologists and the indigenous peoples of the Americas; not with us today are Jose Luis Lanata, associate editor for Southern Cone activities, and Emily McClung de Tapia, associate editor for Mexico and Mesoamerica, both of whom have worked hard to keep us informed of the activities of our Latin American colleagues; John Hoopes, associate editor of our Interfaces column, continues to bring us the best of the Internet; and finally, Karen Doehner, my editorial assistant, who not only keeps track of everything that comes in for the Bulletin, but is the person who makes the Bulletin as good as it is through her untiring organizational and design skills. I hope you appreciate these people as much as I do.

    Unlike past years, I'll forego my review of promises made as well as some evaluation of whether or not I've kept them. I will instead ask you to review when you get back from these meetings an article I have written that will appear in the March issue of the Bulletin. In it, I review the content of the past four years of the Bulletin. I will be grateful for any feedback you have on it, and, as always, I welcome your comments on future directions. Thank you.

    Mark Aldenderfer

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    Report of the Editor American Antiquity

    When I became editor of American Antiquity, I established a few very specific goals: (1) eliminate the large backlog of manuscripts; (2) ensure that the journal is published on time; (3) improve the timeliness of the review process; (4) encourage diversity of views in the journal; and (5) expand the number of reviewers used. With the January 1998 issue of the journal, we have met all of these goals. American Antiquity is on time, there is no longer a large manuscript backlog, all manuscripts are reviewed within 60-90 days of our receipt of the manuscript (and published in less than a year from the time of acceptance), we publish manuscripts of a wide variety of archaeological topics, and we have used well over 550 different reviewers.

    Accomplishing these goals required a lot of work by a lot of different people, but I would like to especially thank Carla Sinopoli (book review editor), Peter Cunningham (editorial assistant), and Janet Walker (managing editor). In addition, the new chair of the Publications Committee, Christopher Chippindale, has been extremely helpful and supportive. Finally, we are both totally dependent and terribly grateful to all the authors and reviewers who work so hard to make American Antiquity the premiere journal of archaeology in the United States.

    The acceptance rate for the journal remains at approximately 23 percent, although a number of manuscripts in the 75 percent group are returned with the suggestion to "revise and resubmit." We have a number of plans in the works for the next year, and we hope to make the journal even better in the future.

    When Bruce Smith served as secretary of the society, he created the "stamp award," noting the member or members who made the most creative use of stamps on his or her ballot envelope. When I succeeded Bruce as secretary, I created the Bruce D. Smith Award for Philatelic Excellence in Ballot Preparation Delivery Systems, still commonly referred to as the "stamp award." The award was dropped a few years ago for various reasons, and many members lamented its demise. Last year, I announced that, in my role as American Antiquity editor and by popular demand, I would reinstate the stamp award for best stamp display by a reviewer on a review envelope. The judges were impressed with the individual stamps used by Meg Conkey (a chateau in the Loire Valley), Patty Jo Watson (the Bessie Coleman stamp), and J. Douglas (Frankenstein), but there were several impressive "tableaus" which clearly win the prize for this year.

    The winners include: Roger Anyon, who created a small, but tasteful two-stamp tableau with a lovely, color-balanced and aesthetically pleasing selection of the dramatic F. Scott Fitzgerald stamp next to the botanical stamp. The effect is one of not only complementary images, but also a nice set of siennas, greens, and maroons.

    Jack Broughton, who created a six-stamp tableau using the small hawk stamp, Red Cloud, and a surprising 32-inch regular, but gloriously bright, flag stamp. The tableau could be interpreted in a number of different ways, but we prefer to see it as a comment that nature and Native Americans are resoundingly important components of the United States.

    Martha Rolingson, who submitted a five-stamp entry, provided the judges with the greatest intellectual challenge in interpretation. Rolingson used a dove stamp, a Hugo Black, Red Cloud, Wendell Wilke, and the $1 stamp with a historical "old time" look. While initially one might try to impose a peace theme on this display, we were at a serious loss to explain Wilke. Perhaps a better interpretation of the tableau is one of general nostalgia for the "good ole" days.

    We were impressed with the entries in this first year, and we look forward to receiving new entries. Members are encouraged to volunteer to be a reviewer for American Antiquity so you can enter the contest, as well as participate in creating an effective journal.

    Lynne Goldstein

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    Report of the Editors Latin American Antiquity

    Linda Manzanilla and I have now served you as coeditors of Latin American Antiquity for two years, and we are pleased to report that the state of the journal remains strong. Latin American Antiquity remains on time, the March 1998 issue has been mailed this week, and our turnaround time for manuscripts continues to be 90 days or less. I have been asked to make this very brief, but would like to call your attention to three topics or issues.

    First, the society is actively seeking the next editors for the journal. As far as I am aware, the choice has not yet been made. If you have names that you would like to advance (perhaps, your own), suggestions, or ideas regarding the direction that the journal should follow, please feel free to talk with Chris Chippindale, the chair of the Publications Committee, Linda Manzanilla, or me.

    Second, I wish to call your attention to the "Editor's Corner" that was published in the December 1997 issue in English and is reprinted in Spanish this March. The editorial outlines both how the mechanics of the journal tend to work, specifically in regard to the review process, and the kind of manuscripts that this editorial team is looking for to establish Latin American Antiquity as the vehicle for archaeological dialogues across the Americas. If you are new to the field or if you are about to prepare a paper for submission, I urge you to look over this short statement.

    Third, I would like to thank the large number of people who have completed reviews for the journal over the last several years. I am constantly amazed by the helpful and thoughtful comments that people make and their selfless allocation of time. The conscientious efforts made by manuscript reviewers constitutes the backbone of any journal and the intellectual foundation for our editorial team. And, I would like to take this time to gratefully acknowledge the large numbers of people from across the globe who have assisted us so generously over the last two years.

    Thank you very much.

    Gary Feinman

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    Report of the ROPA Representative

    Yesterday, documents establishing the Register of Professional Archaeologists (ROPA) were signed, bringing this new organization into being. SAA and the Society for Historical Archaeology (SHA) will serve as sponsors. ROPA will carry forward the work of the Society for Professional Archaeologists (which now becomes inactive) but with a broader base and mandate derived from SAA and SHA sponsorship. Discussions are also underway with the Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) regarding its becoming a third sponsor. The formation of ROPA is one response to growing concerns within archaeology about ethics and standards (e.g., see the 1995 SAA Special Report on Ethics in American Archaeology: Challenges for the 1990s).

    Establishment of ROPA provides a new opportunity for archaeologists to promote professional standards in archaeology. It also establishes a practical system for dealing with problems in our own ranks. The central concept of ROPA is public accountability. Archaeologists who choose to become Registered Professionals (RPAs) thereby agree to uphold a specific ethical code and a set of research standards. At the same time, they declare their accountability by agreeing to participate in a grievance process if there is a credible challenge to their performance, and to accept sanctions if the peer-based grievance panel determines they acted unprofessionally. This process provides a mechanism for investigating and sanctioning serious violations of professional ethics and standards--something that SHA and SAA cannot do within their own structures. In addition, RPA status will help the public identify archaeologists who have met basic professional requirements of training and experience.

    ROPA will be effective if sufficient numbers of professional archaeologists declare their public accountability by registering. Additional information (in the form of Bulletin articles) and application forms are available on SAAweb ( and ROPA representatives are staffing a booth in the exhibit hall through Saturday afternoon. If you have not already registered, the officers and board of SAA and I urge you to do so. The application fee will be waived through March 1999 as an incentive to apply.

    William D. Lipe

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    Report of the Resolutions Committee

    The Resolutions Committee offers the following resolutions:

    Be it resolved that our appreciation and congratulations on a job well done be tendered to the retiring officer Robert L. Bettinger, treasurer, and the retiring board members, Margaret C. Nelson, and George S. Smith, and others who have served the Society on its committees and in other ways;

    To the staff, especially Tobi A. Brimsek, the executive director, who planned the meeting, and to all the volunteers who worked at registration and other tasks;

    To the Program Committee, chaired by Jonathan Driver, and to the committee members, Phillip Arnold, Sarah Campbell, Cheryl Claassen, John Doershuk, Shannon Fie, Laura Finsten, Richard Fox, Bryan Hockett, David Huelsbeck, Michael Kolb, Genevieve LeMoine, Heather McKillop, John O'Shea, Timothy Pauketat, Julie Stein, Karen Stothert, Carla Van West; and the Annual Meeting workshop coordinators, Phillip Arnold and Shannon Fie; to the Annual Meeting Local Advisory Committee, cochaired by Sarah Campbell and Julie Stein; and be it further resolved that thanks again be given to those who inform us of the deaths of colleagues; and finally,

    A resolution of sympathy to the families and friends of Lewis Richard Caywood, William W. Elmendorf, James B. Griffin, Homer F. Hastings, Julian D. Hayden, Gordon W. Hewes, James N. Hill, Bente Bitman von Hollenfer, Wesley R. Hurt, Jesse Jennings, Calvin Jones, J. Charles Kelley, William Lindsey Koob, George S. Lewis, Moreau S. Maxwell, Clement Meighan, Jon Morter, Lita S. Osmundsen, Alfonso Villa Rojas, Clara Lee Fraps Tanner, Walter W. Taylor, Roy Abraham Rapaport, Jonathan Schneider, T. Dale Stewart, Joe Ben Wheat, Richard P. Wheeler, Annette Weiner.

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