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1995 SAA Award Recipients

The following awards were presented on May 5, 1995, at the society's annual business meeting, Minneapolis Hilton and Towers, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

List of Awards

Presidential Recognition Awards

Diane Gifford-Gonzalez
For her exceptional contributions to the SAA as a member of the Executive Board 1993-1995

Roger Anyon
For his exceptional contributions to the SAA as a member of the Executive Board 1993-1995

Bruce E. Rippeteau
For his exceptional service to the SAA as Secretary 1992-1995

Mark J. Lynott
For his outstanding contributions as co-chair of the SAA Ethics in Archaeology Task Force

Lynne Goldstein
For her exceptional contributions as co-chair of the SAA Task Force on Repatriation

Keith Kintigh

For his exceptional contributions as co-chair of the SAA Task Force on Repatriation

Robert Drennan
For his exceptional contributions as chair of the SAA Task Force on Latin America

Melinda A. Zeder
For her outstanding service as chair of the SAA Membership Committee and her exceptional initiative and vision in the development and implementation of the SAA Census

Paul Minnis
For his outstanding service to the SAA as program chair for the 1995 Annual Meeting

Mark Aldenderfer
For his impressive efforts in transforming the SAA Bulletin into a lively and provocative forum for debate and communication

Phyllis Messenger (on left), K C Smith (on right), and Cathy MacDonald (not shown)
For their initiative and vision in the development of the SAA newsletter Archaeology and Public Education

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Award for Excellence in Ceramic Studies

Prudence Rice
In recognition of her significant contribution to virtually all areas of ceramic research, especially her insightful research of specialized pottery production, and the leadership role she plays among ceramic researchers

Beginning in the mid-1970s, Prudence Rice's publications reflect her persistent focus on important issues of pottery change, provenance, specialized production, technology, and style. Her methodological and theoretical contributions--based primarily in Mesoamerica--have widely influenced ceramic studies, and her book, Pottery Analysis, is a crucial sourcebook and constant companion to archaeologists interested in pottery. Rice's edited and often reprinted volume, Pots and Potters, was designed as an outgrowth of the innovative book, Ceramics and Man, by Frederick Matson, also a recipient of this award.

Frederick Matson
In recognition of a distinguished career in which he pioneered new approaches to understanding the past through the analysis of ceramic ecology

Throughout a long and distinguished career, Frederick Matson has played a key role in expanding the scope of the study of ceramics by demonstrating how much can be learned by placing ceramics within an ecological context and by examining the influence of culture and environment on ceramic variation. His pioneering work, Ceramics and Man, laid the foundation for a new era of research. His own studies of pottery from a wide geographical area--Michigan to Syria--have provided excellent models for others.

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Crabtree Award

Jeff Carskadden
For his ground-breaking work in preserving and understanding the archaeology of the Central Muskingum River Valley of Southeastern Ohio

For nearly 30 years, Jeff Carskadden has devoted his considerable energies toward preserving and understanding the history and prehistory of the Muskingum Valley in southeastern Ohio. Along with his co-investigator, James Morton, he founded the Muskingum Valley Archaeological Survey in 1977 in order to conduct archaeological surveys and excavations in the Muskingum County area. He regularly publishes and is the sole or principal author of 83 articles that have appeared in journals such as the Ohio Archaeologist, the West Virginia Archaeologist, and Historical Archaeology. His excavations have produced some of the best data on late prehistoric village plan and organization anywhere in the Central Ohio Valley, and he has consistently shared his research. Recognizing the need to preserve the important records and collections amassed by nearly three decades of work, Carskadden has made arrangements to donate these to the Ohio Historical Society. His dedication to thorough and careful archaeological research is exemplary.

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Award for Excellence in Cultural Resource Management

Charles R. McGimsey III
For lifetime achievement in the management of cultural resources

Rightfully called the father of the CRM movement in archaeology, Charles McGimsey fought the early battles to establish CRM programs at the federal and state levels. With Carl Chapman and Hester Davis he wrote Stewards of the Past, which helped establish the concept of cultural resource management and changed the face of archaeology in the United States. He also wrote the seminal book on archaeological resource management, Public Archaeology. He is a founder of the Arkansas Archeological Survey, a state program that continues to serve as a model for others. He has been a leader in working with state and federal legislators in drafting legislation to preserve archaeological resources. His untiring efforts for archaeological resource management have had a profound impact on the practice of archaeology in the United States.

Calvin R. Cummings
For program administration and management in cultural resource management

Calvin Cummings has had a long and distinguished career in preserving and managing the cultural resources of this nation as a National Park Service archaeologist. In the southwest he played a pivotal role in establishing the Southwest Cultural Resources Center, a multidisciplinary management unit that links history, architectural preservation, and collections management with archaeology. He has also served an important role in the development of underwater archaeology in the United States, beginning with the Inundation Study, which sought to identify the impact of reservoir impoundment on archaeological sites. His foresight helped to pass the Abandoned Shipwreck Act and encouraged public debate on issues related to treasure hunting and archaeological ethics.

Lawrence E. Aten
For program administration and management in cultural resource management

Lawrence Aten's outstanding service to the National Park Service and the nation represents a significant contribution to the growth of cultural resource management during the last 25 years. Retiring in 1994, Aten is probably best known for his ten years as supervisor of the National Register of Historic Places program. He continually sought to make the registration process more accessible to both professional and general audiences, while maintaining the register's professional credibility, including instituting the National Register Information System. He also supervised creation of NPS's Cultural Resources Geographic Information Systems Facility, which has grown into a preeminent center for applying GIS technologies and methodologies to cultural resource management. Throughout his career, he aggressively pursued the highest standards of integrity, professionalism, and credibility in government.

Shereen Lerner
For development of Arizona's Archaeology Week

Under Shereen Lerner's leadership as staff archaeologist in the Arizona State Historic Preservation Office, the small handful of Archaeology Week events soon exploded to nearly 100 events hosted throughout the state within a short period of time. She continued to direct the program during her tenure as the Arizona SHPO from 1987 to 1990, until its success exceeded a single week of activities and Arizona's Archaeology Week became Arizona Archaeology Month.

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Dissertation Award

David R. Abbott
For his dissertation Hohokam Social Structure and Irrigation Management, The Ceramic Evidence from the Central Phoenix Basin. This dissertation concerns issues of broad relevance to archaeology and anthropology, while informing the regional understanding of prehistory in an important way. The research rests on a solid database, and is methodologically both innovative and sound. It articulates social theory, archaeological principles, field observation and interpretations in a manner that is integrated and responsible.

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Fryxell Award

Robert J. Braidwood
For his pioneering work in the initial development of the interdisciplinary approach to the study of agricultural origins

In the late 1940s, Robert J. Braidwood and his wife, Linda S. Braidwood, set out to recover and interpret empirical evidence for the most important transition in human history--the shift from a hunting and gathering way of life to one that depended on agriculture. In order to study this transition, research at Jarmo and other sites within the hilly flanks of the Fertile Crescent drew together scientists of many different disciplines, including zoologists, geologists and botanists. This landmark program, which continued into the 1950s, not only established the origins of agriculture as a broad and important new field of archaeological inquiry, but also provided an impressive example of how interdisciplinary research could be structured and implemented. Braidwood's contributions continue to provide the framework for interdisciplinary research.

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Award for Excellence in Lithic Studies

Harry J. Shafer
For his sustained contributions to the understanding of lithic tool production systems in formative and complex societies in North America

Among the first to introduce detailed debitage studies and the definition of lithic reduction models in Texas archaeology, Harry Shafer pioneered many of the essential links between scientific method and theory in lithic analysis. He also initiated early research on the identification of organic residues on stone tools, including a seminal study of Hinds Cave. For nearly 20 years he has been involved in lithic studies in the Maya area, notably at Colha and Pulltrouser Swamp in Belize, where, according to one associate, his work "has singularly transformed our ideas regarding systems of production and distribution in the Maya lowlands."

Lawrence H. Keeley

For his seminal contributions in lithic use-ware studies and his pioneering applications in high-power microscopy

Lawrence Keeley's work with surface polishes under high magnification, which allows discrimination among the kinds of polish on the basis of worked material, is well recognized. With Mark Newcomer, he used experimental blind tests to evaluate the accuracy of his technique, thus setting a standard for all use-wear analysis. During research on the lithics from the Mesolithic site of Meer II in Belgium, he adopted a number of approaches to microwear analysis that have been adopted by other lithic analysts.

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Outstanding Student Poster Award

Tim Hunt, Mark Madsen, and Carl Lipo
For their exceptional work in the poster "Examining Cultural Transmission Using Frequency Seriation"

Outstanding Professional/Non-Student Poster Award

Brenda J. Baker and Maria A. Liston
For their exceptional work in the poster "War is Hell: Eighteenth-Century Military Remains at Fort William Henry"

Gene S. Stuart Award

Nathan Seppa
For his well-written, well-researched article "Archaeology Faces Modern Foe" which informs the public of the ongoing, intentional destruction of archaeological resources and encourages efforts to condemn and prevent such damage

Public Service Award

Grand Canyon Trust
For its outstanding efforts to both increase public recognition of the importance of archaeological resources, and to influence public policy in order to better protect our archaeological heritage

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Distinguished Service Award

Stuart Struever
For serving the discipline of archaeology as an institution-builder in public archaeology, and in doing so, mobilizing public support for archaeological research and for developing archaeological centers, supported by thousands of private donations that combine high-quality research with public education and involvement.

In 1964, at a time when there was little formal public support for archaeological research, Stuart Struever, working with many others, became the founder and director of the Center for American Archaeology in Kampsville, Illinois. The center developed an archaeological research program supported by donation of time and money from thousands of private individuals. It provided the public, including laypeople and students, with an archaeological experience that explained how archaeologists interpret the past, all within a research context. To say that the center provided a new vision of how archaeology could be done is an understatement. The partnership, between archaeological professionals and the general public, is now mirrored in many organizations around the country. Further, the interdisciplinary cooperation espoused by the center, ranging from archaeology and bioanthropology to botany and zoology, provided an innovative model for archaeological research.

In the 1980s Struever carried the Kampsville model to a second remarkable institution, the Crow Canyon Archaeological Center in Cortez, Colorado, where he was president until his retirement in 1992. Crow Canyon embodies two of Struever's visionary goals: large-scale, sustained archaeological research and public education and involvement in archaeology. Crow Canyon's success in both of these areas was recognized with a presidential Historic Preservation Award in 1992, the highest honor for privately funded preservation achievements and the first such award to an archaeological program.

In addition to the many papers he has published on the topic of the public's role in archaeology, Struever wrote, with Felicia Antonelli Holton, a successful popular book, Koster: Americans in Search of Their Prehistoric Past, selected by the Book-of-the-Month Club. He served as president of Society for American Archaeology from 1975 to 1976, bringing his enthusiasm for public archaeology to professionals across the country.

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