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NEWS AND NOTES

Biographical information, manuscripts, and photos are invited for a volume on women in southeastern U.S. archaeology before 1965, in field, lab or other context. Please contact Nancy White, Anthropology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, (813) 974-0815, email nwhite@luna.cas.usf.edu, or Rochelle Marrinan, Anthropology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, (904) 644-8149, email rmarrinan@garnet.acns.fsu.edu, or Hester Davis, Arkansas Archeological Survey, P.O. Box 1249, Fayetteville, AR 72702-1249, (501) 575-3556, email hadavis@comp.uark.edu, or Lynne Sullivan, New York State Museum, 3122 Cultural Education Center, Albany, NY 12230, (518) 474-5813, email lsulliva205@dos90.nysed.gov.

The United States and El Salvador signed a Memorandum of Understanding that restricts certain categories of Prehispanic archaeological material from being imported into the United States unless accompanied by an export permit issued by El Salvador. This is the first such cultural property agreement between the United States and another country as provided by the Convention on Cultural Property Implementation Act. The agreement advances the promotion of cultural values, one of the action items agreed upon at the 1994 Summit of the Americas, at which participants pledged to work with hemispheric governments to enhance appreciation of indigenous cultures and cultural artifacts through various means, including the implementation of cultural property protection agreements. The agreement is in response to a request from El Salvador seeking protection of its archaeological resources, which represent the Prehispanic cultures that thrived there from approximately 1700 B.C. to A.D. 1550. Chiefly because of demands created by the illicit market in antiquities, archaeological sites throughout El Salvador have been severely damaged by looting, resulting in the loss of irreplaceable scientific information. Both countries are parties to the US 1970 UNESCO Convention, an international framework of cooperation among countries to reduce pillage and the illicit movement of cultural property across international borders. The U.S. Customs Service will publish in the Federal Register a designated list of the categories of archaeological material restricted from import. In the Memorandum of Understanding, both countries pledge to use their best efforts in pursuing access to the protected material for educational, scientific, and cultural purposes. Registration of the material in accordance with El Salvador's law is encouraged, as is regional cooperation for the protection of cultural patrimony throughout Mesoamerica.

The Archaeological Geology Division of the Geological Society of America announces a $500 travel grant for a student to attend the annual meeting of GSA in New Orleans, November 6-9, 1995. The grant is competitive and will be awarded based on the evaluation of an abstract and 1,500-2,000 word summary paper prepared by a student for presentation in the division's technical session at the GSA meeting. The summary paper may include one figure and must have one author only. Results of studies where geological and pedological methodologies have been used as aids to archaeological research are particularly requested. The summary and abstract must be received by the awards committee no later than June 24, 1995. Applications should be sent to Rolfe Mandel, Awards Committee Chair, 1730 S.W. High Ave., Topeka, KS 66604-3121.

The H. John Heinz III Charitable Trust announces its grant program for archaeological fieldwork in Latin America for 1996. This program will fund four to six scholars to conduct archaeological research in Latin America. Applications for dissertation research will not be considered. The maximum amount of the award is $8,000. The deadline for submission is November 15, 1995, and notification of the award will be made by March 1996. For complete information, write to Rose Gibson, H. John Heinz III Charitable Trust, 32 CNG Tower, 625 Liberty Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. If you have any questions, please contact James B. Richardson III, Chairman, Division of Anthropology, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Edward O'Neil Research Center, 5800 Baum Blvd., Pittsburgh, PA 15206-3706, (412) 665-2601, fax (412) 665-2751.

The Division of Archaeology at Harpers Ferry National Historical Park has recently published Domestic Responses to Nineteenth-Century Industrialization: An Archaeology of Park Building 48, Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, edited by Paul A. Shackel. In 1841 labor relations at the Harpers Ferry armory changed dramatically when the military enforced factory discipline in this traditionally craft- oriented facility. A comparison of pre- and post-1841 domestic assemblages indicates a dramatic shift in domestic relations as well. For instance, a vessel analysis documents that earlier deposits contain relatively higher quality ceramics, while the later occupations produced materials that would have been outdated by several decades. Home food production appears to have increased as pigs became increasingly important in the post-1841 diet. Home production of weapons is evident around the armory dwelling as tools and gun parts are abundant in the earlier assemblage, and they disappear in the post-1841 assemblage. While the earlier 1820s and 1830s landscape was made more formalized with grasses, the later 1840s and 1850s landscape is comparatively unkempt and contained an abundance of weeds. This volume consists of 10 chapters documenting the changing domestic responses to industrialization at an armory worker's domestic structure. Copies of the report are available free of charge, while supplies last. Write to Paul A. Shackel, Supervisory Archaeologist, P.O. Box 65, Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, Harpers Ferry, WV 25425.

The J. M. Kaplan Fund has established a Fund for New Technologies in Archaeology. A 1994 allocation of $100,000 seeks to increase the productivity of archaeological research through the application of new technologies. While the subject matter of archaeology goes back thousands of years, the field itself is but a few hundred years old, and for a very long time the method of site exploration remained largely the same: trowel and pick. In recent years, however, the government has declassified hi-tech equipment, such as remotely operated deep-sea vehicles and robots, remote-sensing devices, satellite reconnaissance and visual enhancement equipment, many with former highly classified military uses. In addition, a general technological revolution in our society has produced highly sophisticated, often miniaturized research equipment at an affordable cost. These new tools can now be made available to archaeologists, providing them with an opportunity to unveil previously inaccessible historical periods and geographic sites. The Kaplan Fund wants to play a critical role in making these new tools available to archaeologists and sees the significance of some of this new technology on the same level as the development of carbon-14 dating techniques, engineered a generation ago when the Wenner-Grenn Foundation supported W. F. Libby's work. Most funding mechanisms today would not support the type of work the Kaplan Fund envisions. For instance, the major support for archaeology--government research grants--are geared toward specific geographical areas or historic periods of interest, while funding from the private sector, such as from National Geographic, is most often pegged to "spectacular finds." The Kaplan Fund sees its new program--Exploration and New Technologies--and the new fund as scholarly and philanthropic, with the potential to help expand the discipline, historical reach, geographical terrain, and the tools of archaeology. Start-up monies of $50,000 have been given to the newly created Institute for Exploration, which will be the first public institution committed to high-technology deep-water archaeology, with an on-going program of exploration and public exhibits. The Kaplan Fund has also allocated $50,000 to underwrite initial research gathered during exploration of the Black Sea using the NR-1 submarine, with its extraordinary mapping and tracking systems. In Latin America $25,000 has been applied to new technologies and the discovery and protection of significant new sites. The Kaplan Fund has created a reserve of $50,000 to be used for emergency conservation of new archaeological finds, and to safeguard sites that may be in danger of being plundered. For more information, contact The J.M. Kaplan Fund, 30 Rockefeller Plaza, Suite 4250, New York, New York, 10112-4298.

The Institute for Mesoamerican Studies solicits book manuscripts on all aspects of Mesoamerican studies, including archaeology, ethnology, ethnohistory, linguistics, epigraphy, art history, and historical anthropology. Books are published under two series: 1) IMS Monographs, large-format (8 1/2 x 11"), presenting new findings and research results that may be difficult to publish through traditional commercial or university presses. Two IMS Monographs are currently in production: a reprinting (with new preface) of Phoneticism in Maya Hieroglyphic Writing (edited by John Justeson and Lyle Campbell) and Hach Winik: The Lacandon Mayas of Southern Mexico, an ethnography by Didier Boremanse. 2) Studies in Culture and Society, books offering a broader analytical, integrative, or interpretive focus. Economies and Polities in the Aztec Realm (edited by Mary Hodge and Michael Smith) was recently published in this series, and On Discourse and Practice in the New World is a current two-volume set edited by Gary Gossen. All IMS books are published in paperback editions and distributed by the University of Texas Press. For a style guide or more information, contact Editor, Institute for Mesoamerican Studies, Social Science 263, University at Albany (SUNY), Albany, NY 12222, (518) 442-4722, fax (518) 442-5710. Authors should submit a prospectus before sending a manuscript.

The Phytolith Research Society is pleased to announce the beginning of PHY-TALK, an Internet discussion group concerning phytoliths (microscopic mineral deposits in plants). The membership is open to anyone who is interested in phytoliths or who simply would like more information about the applications of this dataset, whether in archaeological or paleoenvironmental research. The atmosphere is informal and novices (and doubters) are welcome. To subscribe to the list, send the following message to the listserver (listserv@vm1.spcs.umn.edu), leaving the subject line blank: subscribe phy-talk [your real name], then send the message. For example, subscribe phy-talk Chris Archaeologist. If you are unfamiliar with how list- servers work or you would like some more information, please contact the moderator, Susan J. Pennington, Program for Interdisciplinary Archaeological Studies, 215 Ford Hall, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55403, (612) 625-1062, email penn0010@gold.tc.umn.edu.

The Texas Memorial Museum, in conjunction with International Academic Projects, London, will be offering the course, Making High Quality Replicas of Museum Objects, November 6--10, 1995. It will be taught by E. Benner Larsen, international expert on mold making and toolmarks on ancient objects. Participants in this highly developed practical laboratory course will learn the techniques of making high-quality resin replicas for research, exhibition, and conservation purposes. For more information, contact Course Coordinator, Materials Conservation Laboratory, Texas Memorial Museum, University of Texas at Austin, PRC #122, 10100 Burnet Rd., Austin, TX 78758, (512) 471-6090, fax (512) 471- 6092, email jsjohnson@mail.utexas.edu.

From Prehistory to the Present: Studies in Northeastern Archaeology in Honor of Bert Salwen, edited by Nan A. Rothschild and Diana diZerega Wall, is published as a special issue of Northeastern Historical Archaeology (Volumes 21-22). Bert Salwen's eclectic interests in archaeology encompassed the diversity of the field and many of the critical changes that occurred within it throughout his long professional career. This volume in his memory, with articles written by students and colleagues, reflects the diversity of his interests. It includes 15 articles that, together, cover the Prehistoric, Contact, and Historic periods in the Northeast, as well as such topics as cultural resource management and the role of archaeologists today in constructing the past. Order from Mary C. Beaudry, Editor, Department of Archaeology, Boston University, 675 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215. Price: $22 US or $25 CDN (to cover the cost of the volume plus postage and handling).

An international directory of social scientists working in the Arctic is being compiled with a grant from the U.S. National Science Foundation, Office of Polar Programs. "Social science," for purposes of the directory, includes, but is not necessarily limited to, the following fields: archaeology, cultural anthropology, economics, environmental studies, geography, history, human ecology, linguistics, medical anthropology, political science, psychology, social anthropology, and sociology. The region encompassed by the term "Arctic" will be left to the individual judgments of people engaged in northern research; it will extend at least as far south as the northern part of regions that are usually considered subarctic (including Iceland). If you wish to be included in the directory, and/or if you know someone else (especially graduate students) who should be included, please send names and addresses to E. S. Burch, Jr., 3500 Market St., Suite 106, Camp Hill, PA 17011-4355, fax (717) 975-3592.

The Pueblo Grande Museum in Phoenix, Ariz. will offer children, ages 6- 12, the opportunity to learn about the ancient Hohokam people by participating in several hands-on workshops and tours of the museum and prehistoric ruin built by the Hohokam people during the summer. All workshops are based on actual crafts and techniques employed by the Hohokam and other native peoples in the Southwest. For example, all pottery vessels constructed during the workshop will be made from local clays, the paints from local minerals and the brushes from desert plants. Beginning June 12 and running through August 14, 1995, each 4- day session will run Monday through Thursday from 9 to 11 a.m. Cost for members of the Museum Auxiliary is $25, to nonmembers $30. Advanced registration is required. Call the museum for more details and to register (602) 495-0901.

The National Endowment for the Humanities supports archaeology projects that promise to enhance scholarly knowledge and understanding of the human experience. The new deadline for the 1996 competition is October 2, 1995. Some changes also have been made to the review process. Letters of reference are no longer necessary, but the proposals will be sent out for review by at least six specialists in the field. The guidelines for FY 1996 are now available by mail, email, or on the NEH WWW at http://www.neh.fed.us. For more information or to request a copy of the guidelines by mail, contact Bonnie Magness-Gardiner, Archaeology Program Officer, Division of Research Programs, Room 318, National Endowment for the Humanities, Washington, D.C. 20506, (202) 606-8276, email bmagness-gardiner@neh.fed.us.

As part of the XIII International Congress of the Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences, which will take place in Forli, Italy, September 8-14, 1996, a workshop will be held entitled "Lithic Technology: From Raw Material Procurement to Tool Production." Considering the notable interest in the application of technological analyses and experimental observations to the study of human behavior in prehistory and protohistory, the workshop proposes to highlight the technical strategies adopted by human groups for the production of lithic artifacts and to evaluate the influence of various factors. Contributions will be welcomed regarding the following issues in lithic technology: studies regarding the procurement of raw material (outcrops, mines); the identification of flaking techniques, with the definition of the experimental methodologies used for their analysis; and the production of tools, understood not only in the sense of flaked artifacts but also ground and polished artifacts. An atelier will be set up where it will be possible to present demonstrations and experiences of flaking methods. All those interested in taking part should contact Sarah Milliken, c/o Segreteria XIII Congresso U.I.S.P.P., Via Marchesi, 1, 47100 Forli, Italy, fax 39.543.35805.

A new publication addresses artifacts, ecofacts, and historic resources. Archaeology answers questions not only about what lies below the ground, but provides valuable clues to what happened above ground as well. As a result, preservationists need to gain a basic understanding of the field of archaeology and what archaeological research can teach us about historic resources. A new publication in the National Trust for Historic Preservation's Information series covers basic archaeological techniques and explains how the study of what lies below the surface of the ground or water is an important ingredient in understanding historic buildings and sites. Written by Shereen Lerner, Archaeology and Historic Preservation, suggests ways in which archaeologists and preservationists can work together to protect sites both below and above the ground. This booklet also includes information on legislation, heritage tourism, and archaeological ordinances. Order from the Information Series, National Trust for Historic Preservation, 1785 Massachusetts Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036, (202) 673-4286.


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