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  Disaster or Catastrophe: Human Adaptation to High- and Low-Frequency Landscape Processes (A Reply to Ensor, Ensor, and DeVries) Minimize

Michael R. Waters and John C. Ravesloot


A regional episode of erosion between A.D. 1020 and 1160 coincides with social, political, economic, and demographic changes in the Hohokam culture. This regional erosional event was of such magnitude that it accelerated cultural changes that were already underway. The Ensor et al. (2003) commentary and attempt to layer a number of hypotheses on our original interpretations are fraught with problems.


Un episodio regional de erosión sucedido entre los años 1060 y 1160 d.C. coincidió con cambios socials, políticos, económicos, y demográficos en la cultura Hohokam. Este evento erosivo regional fue de tal magnitud que aceleró los cambios culturales ya iniciados. Los comentarios de Ensor et. al. (2003) y sus intentos de conectar una serie de hipótesis con nuestra interpretación original están plagados de errores.